Treatment By Symptom

Below is a list of symptoms that we treat at Movement Solutions:

(Click on symptom to learn more)

Help By Physical Symptoms
Back Pain

What is Back Pain and How Can Physical Therapy Help

Acute or short-term low back pain generally lasts from a few days to a few weeks. Most acute back pain is the result of trauma to the low back or a disorder such as arthritis. Back pain from trauma may be caused by a sports injury, work around the house or in the garden, or a sudden jolt such as a car accident or other stress on spinal bones and tissues. Symptoms of back pain may range from muscle ache to shooting or stabbing pain, limited flexibility and range of motion, or an inability to stand straight. Chronic back pain is pain that persists for more than three months. It is often progressive and the cause can be difficult to determine. Physical therapy can help relieve the symptoms of back pain.

We Can Help With Back Pain

Most low back pain can be treated without surgery or medications. Treatment often involves providing exercise and movement strategies. The goal of treatment is to restore proper function and strength to the back and prevent recurrence of the injury. The use of cold and hot compresses may help reduce pain and inflammation and allow greater mobility for some individuals. Bed rest is recommended for only 1–2 days at most. Individuals should resume activities as soon as possible. Exercise may be the most effective way to speed recovery from low back pain to help strengthen back and trunk muscles. In the most serious cases, when the condition does not respond to other therapies, surgery may relieve pain caused by back problems or serious musculoskeletal injuries. Movement Solutions has extensive experience and education in the treatment and relief of back pain through a combination of proper hands on therapy and corrective movement. Most patients feel relief from their back pain symptoms after the first visit.

What is the Prognosis?

Most patients with back pain recover without residual functional loss, but individuals should contact a doctor if there is not a noticeable reduction in pain and inflammation after 72 hours of self-care. Recurring back pain resulting from improper body mechanics or other non-traumatic causes is often preventable. Engaging in exercises that don’t strain the back, maintaining correct posture and lifting objects properly can help prevent injuries. Many work-related injuries are caused or aggravated by stressors such as heavy lifting, repetitive motion, vibration, and awkward posture. Applying ergonomic principles such as using furniture and tools to protect the body from injury at home and in the workplace can greatly reduce the risk of back injury and help maintain a healthy back.

Neck Pain

Symptom description coming soon!

Shoulder, Elbow and Wrist/Hand Problems

Problems with the neck, shoulder and arm are often called different things by patients: neuritis, bursitis, neuralgia, rheumatism, frozen shoulder, fibrosis, sprained, strained or sore muscles or “poor circulation.”

Old Age and Shoulder Pain

Some people may blame their shoulder (or other joint) problems on “old age” even though their other shoulder, which doesn’t have any problems, is just as old.

Brain Control and Shoulder, Arm and Hand Pain

What controls your shoulders, arms and hands? How does a message from the brain tell the arm to move, regulate the heartbeat or control the functions of glands and internal organs which are so far away from it? The brain “talks” with the rest of your body through a vast telecommunications system made up of nerves. Nerves come out of your brain in a large bundle called the spinal cord and travel down your back inside the spinal column. As the nerves from your brain trail down your spinal cord they first have to pass through holes (foramina) between the spinal bones (vertebrae).

Hip, Knee and Foot/Ankle Problems

Symptom description coming soon!

Sports Injuries

Spinal injuries can restrict range of motion, reduce strength, slow reflexes, shorten endurance and decrease performance. Physical Therapy for these types of injuries has become increasingly popular. Professional sports teams, Olympic trainers, and competitive athletes are using physical therapists because they demand results.

Physical therapy helps restore function to joints that are “locked up”, fixated, and not moving properly. Besides helping to relieve pain, physical therapy can also help reduce inflammation. Muscles, tendons, and ligaments depend upon proper joint movement for peak performance. Injuries to these tissues can reduce range of motion, affect delicate nerves, decrease blood supply and can take you out of the game. Normalizing spinal function helps speed the healing of these soft tissues and reduce the deconditioning effect of being on the sidelines.


Symptom description coming soon!

Balance Related Issues

Symptom description coming soon!


Symptom description coming soon!

Joint Pain

Symptom description coming soon!

Joint Hypermobility

Symptom description coming soon!

Chronic Pain

Symptom description coming soon!

Pelvic Pain & Pelvic Floor Weakness Associated with Urinary/Bowel Incontinence, Constipation, Urinary Retention and Painful Periods

Symptom description coming soon!

Help by Symptoms for Neuromotor Immaturity(NMI) or Neuro-Developmental Delay(NDD) Include:
Difficulties with concentration, focus and memory

Attention problems can be a discrete category, but they can also be linked to immature posture, balance and coordination. For example, the most advanced level of balance control is the ability to stay totally still. Children who are unable to sit still, have a constant need to fidget and interrupt others may have immature control of the body, and a constant need to move. Improving postural control and balance can improve some of the symptoms of poor attention.

Poor Sitting Posture

Symptom description coming soon!

Motion and Travel Sickness

Motion sickness as experienced when driving or riding a roller coaster occurs when the brain receives information from the different sensory systems involved in the detection of motion (vestibular, proprioceptive and visual) is differing, or if there is hypersensitivity to movement in a particular direction or speed of motion.

Primitive reflexes that are retained or under-developed postural reflexes, vestibular or visual dysfunction can all create the feeling of motion sickness.

Exercises to improve postural control, righting and equilibrium reactions to change of position can reduce motion sickness, provided that there is no other organic reason underlying the presenting symptoms.

Poor Performance in Gym Class and Physical Education

Gym class and exercise involves the use of balance, coordination and visual functioning. A problem in any one of these areas, or hypersensitivity to certain sensory stimuli can contribute to a child under-performing and/or developing a dislike and avoidance of sporting activities.

Paradoxically, there are some children who are excellent at sport but who under-perform in the classroom. This can be connected to differences in being able to control their body while sitting or moving.

Needs to be “on the move” alot of the time

Symptom description coming soon!

Poor Sitting Posture – At the meal take or when working at a desk

Symptom description coming soon!


Symptom description coming soon!

Coordination Problems

Coordination problems reflect a child’s experience of his or her body in space.

Movement is a child’s first language. Through movement, he explores the world, gains a sense of his own position in space, develops an awareness of his own body map and learns to co-ordinate eyes and body together. His body is also his first vehicle of expression; posture and gesture tell a story of their own, long before fluent speech develops. Body language stays with us for the remainder of our lives. The most advanced level of movement is the ability to stay totally still. To remain still requires whole muscle groups to operate together in perfect synchrony with the balance mechanism. The child in reception class or year 1 who is unable to sit still may be demonstrating that he does not yet have sufficient control over his body to sublimate movement, and focus attention on other tasks.

Movement and language are linked in the early stages of language development. Ask a two-and-a-half-year-old to say “hand” and he will usually wave his hand as he says it. Only as a child starts to develop automatic control of movement, can language emerge as an independent skill. Why are these things so important for learning at school?

It used to be thought that primitive reflexes could not persist in their crude form amongst normal children. A growing body of research (Rider, 1973, Bender, 1976, Wilkinson, 1994), now suggests that vestiges of early reflex patterns can and do persist amongst some normal schoolchildren, and continue to hamper these children in the development of basic skills. An inadequate vocabulary of voluntary movement patterns will limit a child’s expressive abilities. Children who are motor-impaired find it difficult to integrate their personalities into the environment because they do not have a complete repertoire of appropriate reactions. Lack of automating motor skills will impede cognitive processing, so that a child may know what he wants to say, but be unable to combine the motor actions of writing with fluent expression of ideas.

Movement helps develop spatial awareness, directionality and control of balance. The balance mechanism is linked to the muscles that control eye movements via a circuit called the vestibular-ocular-reflex arc. Children with poor balance frequently also show impaired eye movements which in turn can affect reading ability and simple tasks such as aligning columns for calculation in maths.

Less and less is movement a part of our children’s daily lives. From birth they often go into moulded baby seats for their waking hours. Whilst these are invaluable for the modern mother, they should never replace the floor as the first exercise ground. Crawling represents a crucial stage in the integration of motor patterns, for in the process of crawling the infant learns to synchronise this balance, motor, kinetic and visual systems for the first time. Then hand-eye co-ordination involved in crawling is carried out at exactly the same visual distance that a child will use to read and write.

The two-to-three-year-old needs plenty of time to run, to hop, skip and jump; to roll and tumble. These activities help to prime the motor system in preparation for fine muscle skills. Hours spent in front of the television are hours of passive learning – they do not integrate new material into existing systems. The child under the age of 7 learns best when he relates physically and emotionally to material. The old-fashioned system of “sounding out” as a class was an example of an active method of learning. It helped to build auditory memory,. Before we learn to sub vocalise, something many of us do when trying to commit something to memory, we first need to vocalise. The school-age child needs time to move as well as time to sit still – not all difficulties with reading, writing and attention reside in the head; some are linked to the body.

Poor Hand-Eye Coordination

Eye-hand coordination problems can happen as a result of visual or coordination difficulties. See our section on reflexes for a full description on how reflexes can affect eye-hand coordination.

Poor Impulse Control

Symptom description coming soon!

Avoids Sports

Symptom description coming soon!

Unable to Stay on Task

Symptom description coming soon!

Organization Problems

Symptom description coming soon!

Difficulty Sitting Still

Symptom description coming soon!

Difficulties with Math

Maths problems can be related to neuro-motor immaturity in the following ways:

Visual tracking (horizontal) difficulties needed for reading instructions or (vertical) for aligning columns correctly

Problems with the vestibular system can influence spatial skills needed to understand patterns, spatial relationships, and geometric forms.

Visual-motor integration difficulties

Visual perceptual problems

Remembering sequences of information needed for following directions, multiplication tables and tasks tat require multiple commands.

Right-Left Brain Hemisphere communication needed to solve problems.

Mixed Laterality

By age 8, children should have a preferential side of functioning which is called unilaterality. This means that if a child is right handed, the right eye acts as the leading eye at both far and near distance. Laterality and cross laterality are common in the general population and do not by themselves cause specific learning difficulties. But, cross laterality can be an additional factor in children asses with specific learning difficulties. There is research that has linked cross laterality to a retained Asymmetrical Tonic Neck Reflex (ATNR).

Difficulties with Writing

Symptom description coming soon!

Difficulty Learning to Swim

Swimming involves coordinating the use of the upper and lower sections of the body, left and right sides and control of the head. Retention of individual reflexes such as the Symmetrical Tonic Neck Reflex (STNR) can affect the ability to coordinate use of the upper and lower sections of the body; lack of an integrated amphibian reflex can affect independent kicking needed to carry out front crawl and lack of head righting reflexes can make the ability to float on the back difficult.

Difficulty Riding a Bicycle

Riding a bicycle requires not only control of balance but also independent use of the upper and lower sections of the body and the two sides of the body. Retention of individual primitive reflexes (ATNR and STNR) can interfere with this level of coordination, as can under-developed postural reflexes and vestibular dysfunction.

Difficulty with Telling Time

Learning to tell the time from an analog clock involves having proper spatial awareness – the ability to differentiate between up and down, left and right, before and after. Underlying vestibular problems can affect spatial awareness and undermine dependent skills

Difficulty Catching a Ball

Symptom description coming soon!

Difficulty Using a Knife or Fork

Symptom description coming soon!

Problem with Pencil Grip

Symptom description coming soon!

Reading and Writing Problems

There are a number of smart kids who are not able to transfer their thoughts down onto paper. Many of these children are good readers and enjoy reading which make both parents and teachers confused as to whey this is happening.

For many kids with specific writing and copying problems, the retention of several primitive (infant) reflexes which interfere with hand-eye coordination if continue to be active at the school aged level prevent them from automating their ability to write.

Movement Solutions has found a way to assess relevant reflexes and giving the brain a change to control them so hand-eye coordination becomes fluent and writing easier

Vision Challenges

Symptom description coming soon!

Excessive Eye Fatigue While Reading

There can be many reasons for a person to have problems with reading. In many cases, reading problems result from the eyes not being able to easily scan with low effort along a line of print, which is vital to be able to read. Other poor readers, by concentrating on getting their eyes to scan the line, are unable to recall what they have read, and this is frequently misdiagnosed as being a ‘short term memory problem’. As a result of concentrating on controlling the eyes concentration and short-term memory become impaired.

INPP has identified what can cause the eyes to have problems with scanning a line of print, and more importantly it has developed a non-invasive method of correcting the underlying cause.

Avoidance of Reading

Learning Difficulties Related To Reading Problems

For information on a learning difficulties that relate to reading problems please also read information on Dyslexia(Reading and Writing Difficulties), Dysgraphia(Writing Difficulties), Attention Deficit Disorder(ADD).

Spelling Problems

Symptom description coming soon!


Symptom description coming soon!

History of Being Late at Learning to Talk

Symptom description coming soon!

History of Being Early (10 months) or Late (16 months) at Learning to Walk

Symptom description coming soon!

Problems with Speech and Articulation

Speech is not just a language skill but involves motor centres involved in control of the lips, tongue, swallow mechanism and breathing. Retention of infant oral reflexes such as the rooting or suck reflex can interfere with development of the fine motor control needed for speech and articulation.

Auditory problems can also interfere with the ability to hear or process sounds correctly and translate what is said into the correct speech sounds.

Problems with concentration and organization

Symptom description coming soon!

Difficulty Learning to Dress – tie shoelaces, button shirts or pants, put clothes on the right way around

Symptom description coming soon!

Often, we see overlap in some signs and symptoms of dyslexia, dyspraxia and attention deficit disorder. Kids with dyslexia for example, share symptoms such as problems with balance, spatial skills, bilateral integration and sequencing, in common with children with dyspraxia.

Kids with dyspraxia show a number of features of dyslexic-type learning difficulties but they are not specific enough to be labeled as dyslexic. Both dyspraxia and dyslexia can share problems with attention and concentration, short term memory and organization.

Where features of all three signs and symptoms coexist (co-morbidity), Neuro-Developmental Delay (NDD), also know as Neuro-Motor Immaturity is often an underlying common factor.

WP-Backgrounds by InoPlugs Web Design and Juwelier Schönmann